This project is regarded as a part of universal attempts toward improvement of rescue operation when some cataclysmic emergencies like earthquakes or floods occur. The explicit output of the project is a number of generations of rescue robots. As an acceptable benchmark to challenge the operational abilities of such robots, there is an annual competition named Robot Rescue League held annually throughout International Robocup competitions which these recue robots are supposed to attend. The project is supported by some companies particularly Saba Battery Company for humanitarian purposes.
Since technical issues play a key role in enhancing the performance and range of capabilities of the robots in Rescue Robot League, utilizing the skills and experiences gained from other RoboCup leagues besides the achievements of some research projects in the relevant domains such as robotic arms, machine vision, UGV navigation, etc. can make a great contribution to the overall performance of these robots. The people gathered in Sun of Saba team are the members of some RoboCup teams in previous years and robotic project teams who have already accomplished some distinguished works in Dynamics and Robotics Center.
The robot's locomotion platform is designed based on a mechanism comprising of five main moving parts that provide three different configurations. These five live parts are four independent moving crawler arm and one body.
In software , it is mainly focused on theoretical problems like localization and mapping algorithms because of its critical weight in robot locomotion. After having studied the SALM, Kalman Filter, landmarks detection and features extraction algorithms and also the recent probabilistic methods such as Fast SLAM and particle filter, the software group have developed an applicable method for the robot localization and mapping. The control software along with a powerful GUI is also developed parallel with other software modules; much effort has been taken to make the robot's user-side software application user-friendly and visually perceptible.
Due to the importance of speed in setup and breakdown in rescue operation and time limit, a moveable control aluminum pack involving a laptop, access point, joystick, antenna and a portable printer is designed. Communications are based on wireless LAN and Radio Controller. An Operator controls the robot via a teleportation process. There is a laptop inside the robot that processes the image, output of sensors, controls the actuators and runs the SLAM algorithm.